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What is the difference between systematic desensitization and flooding?
In systematic desensitization (SD), relaxation training is followed by gradual (usually imaginary) exposure to the feared stimuli starting with the least feared stimulus. In contrast, flooding involves immediate exposure to the stimulus. Exposure therapy has been described as the most effective way to treat fear.
What is the fundamental difference between flooding and systematic desensitization?
There are different forms of exposure, such as imaginal exposure, virtual reality exposure, and in vivo exposure. While systematic desensitization may use these other types of exposure, flooding uses in vivo exposure, actual exposure to the feared stimulus.
What differentiates flooding from systematic desensitization quizlet?
Flooding uses sudden or gradual confrontation with a feared stimulus, whereas systematic desensitization uses learned relaxation techniques.
What is the difference between systematic desensitization and exposure?
While systematic desensitization is based on counter conditioning using reciprocal inhibition, exposure therapy uses graded exposure to the stimulus while positively reinforcing tolerance of anxiety, until the anxiety is gradually extinguished (Abramowitz, 1996).
What is systematic desensitization also called?
During systematic desensitization, also called graduated exposure therapy, you work your way up through levels of fear, starting with the least fearful exposure. This approach also involves the use of relaxation techniques.
What is systematic desensitization?
Systematic desensitization is one form of exposure therapy used in cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT). It aims to reduce anxiety, stress, and avoidance by gradually exposing a person to the source of their discomfort in a thoughtfully planned way.
What concept is flooding and systematic desensitization based on?
SD is a behavioural therapy based on the principles of classical conditioning, designed to reduce the phobic anxiety gradually, over time. In comparison, Flooding involves sessions of around 2-3 hours where the patient is faced with their phobic stimulus immediatley until their anxiety decreases.
Why is systematic desensitisation more successful than flooding?
With flooding, a person is exposed to the most anxiety-inducing stimulus straight away. Consequently, many people do not complete their treatment with flooding because the experience to too stressful and therefore they stop the treatment early which is why systematic desensitisation is more likely to be successful.
What are the two components of systematic desensitization?
The process of systematic desensitization occurs in three steps. The first step is to identify the hierarchy of fears. The second step is to learn relaxation or coping techniques. Finally, the individual uses these techniques to manage their fear during a situation from the hierarchy.
What is the difference between the two types of flooding?
There are two basic types of floods: flash floods and the more widespread river floods. Flash floods generally cause greater loss of life and river floods generally cause greater loss of property.
What is the main difference between flooding and the other two common forms of exposure therapy?
Flooding is different from systematic desensitization, though both are a type of exposure therapy. Both terms refer to the person with a phobia facing their fear without fleeing or hiding. However, systematic desensitization is done gradually, while flooding is done abruptly.
Which of the following is the best example of systematic desensitization?
If you have a fear of elevators, for instance, you can try going near one first, and then riding it. At some point, you should be able to take an elevator without getting nervous or anxious. For many anxious individuals, systematic desensitization is the most helpful method for overcoming their fears and phobias.
What is flooding in psychology?
Flooding is a behavioural therapy of phobias that is based on the idea of extinction. Rather than exposing a person to their phobic stimulus gradually, a person is exposed to the most frightening situation immediately.
What is the fear of floods called?
Antlophobia, fear of flooding. Aquaphobia, fear of drowning. Astraphobia, fear of lightning and thunder.